You can connect four speakers to a two-channel amplifier through parallel or series wiring. The method you will use to connect them will be determined by the specifications of both the amplifier and speaker, mostly their impedance levels. You can also connect your speakers to the amplifier using a Speaker Selector Switch.
Wiring 4 speakers to a two-channel amplifier can feel like an impossible task. However, this task is quite easy to accomplish as long as you have identified the impedance levels of your speakers and amplifier. You can easily identify them by checking the ohms measurements for both. You must check the impedance levels before you start wiring, as they will determine the wiring method used. For example, if the ohms of two speakers added together do not surpass the ohms rating of the amplifier, you can adopt a series wiring method. Connecting the speakers to the amplifier in parallel lows impedance delivered while connecting them in series lower it. Read on to discover the different wiring methods you can use.
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Connect the speakers using series wiring
This method of connection is not advisable and is only effective when the impedance level of two of the speakers is less than that of the amplifier. You can determine the impedance levels by adding the ohms rating of two of the speakers and comparing it to that of the amplifier.
Wiring all four speakers in a series will mean all of them will be connected in one electrical path. This means that if one wire fails to work or is disconnected, then the rest of the speakers will not work.
To connect the speakers using series configuration, you will have to connect a wire to your left speaker’s positive terminal from also the left positive terminal of your amplifier. You will then use the wire from the negative terminal of the speaker that you have just used to the second speaker’s positive terminal. Repeat these steps until all four speakers are set up.
Connect the speakers using parallel wiring
Speakers connected in parallel tend to produce better sound than those connected in series. However, this connection has a major limitation as most amplifiers degrade or get spoilt so fast when speakers are wired to them in parallel. This is because when in parallel connection, speakers deliver an excessive load on amplifiers which then affects the overall connection and the amplifier.
A “Daisy configuration” is used when wiring four speakers to a two-channel amplifier. This configuration basically involves connecting the speakers almost directly to the amplifier. To wire, your speakers to the amplifier, connect both the negative and the positive left side terminals of the first left speaker to the same left side terminals of the amplifier.
When you are done with the first wiring, route two wires to the second left speaker terminals from the same amplifier terminals you used during the first connection. Repeat the wiring process for the right-side speakers.
Connect using the Speaker Selector Switch
Using the Speaker Selector Switch is the easiest and safest way to connect all your speakers to the amplifiers. To use the Speaker Selector Switch method, you will wire the speaker selector switch input to the amplifier’s output terminal. Subsequently, you will wire the Speaker Selector Switch output to the terminals of all four speakers.
Pros and Cons of the amp connection methods
|Speaker selector switch|
In conclusion, you can connect four speakers to a two-channel amplifier using series configuration, parallel configuration, or using the Speaker Selector Switch. The method you use is determined by the specifications of your amplifier and your speakers. Additionally, when selecting which connection method is appropriate, you will have to go with the one that suits your preferences. Generally, using the Speaker Selector Switch is an easy and safe connection method because the amplifiers do not face an overload as they can hold more impedance and resistance. Therefore, you need to examine the pros and cons of each wiring method keenly before settling on one.
Can I connect more than one speaker to my amplifier?
Of course, you can connect as many speakers as your amplifier can hold.